Caution must be exercised when choosing and purchasing travel souvenirs and gifts: many animal and plant species are subject to the Washington Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) or are protected by national legislation. The exporting and importing of live specimens or products of such species is either prohibited entirely or requires a permit.
Tourists are often not aware that a souvenir may contain an animal or plant product that comes from a protected species. It makes no difference whether the products in question have been bought or found on the beach (e.g. corals or conches) or in the forest (e.g. feathers).
Import and export of souvenirs
The import or export of the following souvenirs is either prohibited entirely or requires a permit:
- Ivory (e.g. carved figures, jewellery);
- Various protected plants (e.g. cactuses, orchids) and woods (e.g. rosewood);
- Tortoise shell (musical instruments, masks etc.);
- Conches (Strombus gigas or queen conch) and giant clams;
- Stony corals, blue and black corals;
- Hides, leather products (belts, key fobs etc.), furs (also small pieces) from protected species, especially reptiles;
- More than 125g caviar per person (non-cumulative);
- Zoological preparations (butterflies, snakes, emperor scorpions, seahorses, crocodiles, etc.) of protected species;
- Teeth, feathers, bones, hairs and wool from protected species.
Caution must be exercised when choosing a souvenir. Dealers of such goods rarely draw the attention of travellers to the requirement for a permit. Specimens from protected species will be rejected by Customs if the required documents are not produced. If these documents cannot be furnished later, the goods will be confiscated. If the specimens were not declared when crossing the border, criminal proceedings may also be initiated.
Travel souvenirs from animal or plant products do not necessarily require a permit. If you are unsure, it is advisable to contact the responsible authorities of the country to be visited or the FSVO to avoid problems later on at Customs. With few exceptions, live protected and unprotected animals always require at least an import permit.
What souvenirs to take home?
Consult the free WWF app (in German), which can spare you extra expense and hassle on your return home. Under the heading Souvenirs, goods are listed in the categories Prohibited, With Permit and No Permit. The WWF has drawn up the lists together with the Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office (FSVO). Each year, tourists bring many animal and plant products or even live souvenirs into Switzerland, although importing them is either forbidden or only permitted with valid documents. In doing so, they are helping to drive certain species to the edge of extinction.
Last modification 14.12.2016